5. What three factors were important in establishing Beethoven as a formidable presence in Vienna once he arrived?

6. Beethoven often wrote that he was highly indebted to the work of the famous composer Gluck. In what ways did Gluck influence Beethoven's music?

1. Beethoven was a protégé

of Count Waldstein, who was one of the most important members of the Viennese aristocracy (see picture).

2. Beethoven was a pupil of Haydn, obviously very prestigious.

3. Beethoven was a court organist to the uncle of Emperor Francis (i.e. Beethoven still held his position at Bonn).

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Count Waldstein

Ludwig van Beethoven